Current conditions from King Hill
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  Tuesday May 23, 2017


NWS Area Forecast Discussion

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FXUS61 KBTV 211858

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Burlington VT
258 PM EDT Sun May 21 2017

Surface high pressure will translate east of New England this
evening allowing a warm front to push into the North Country
from the eastern Great Lakes region. We will see periods of
rain developing this evening across northern New York, and
during the overnight hours across central and northern Vermont.
Lighter rain showers and overcast skies will linger during the
day Monday, resulting in relatively cool temperatures. Rainfall
amounts between one-third and one-half inch are generally
expected across the North Country tonight into Monday morning.
Dry conditions return on Tuesday with a brief period of surface
high pressure.


As of 231 PM EDT Sunday...At 18Z, strong sfc anticyclone
extended from the Gulf of St. Lawrence southward across ern New
England. This system tilts westward with height, and have seen
building 700-500mb heights throughout the afternoon across nrn
NY and VT. That said, there is abundant mid-upper level moisture
entrained in anticyclonically curved flow aloft, which will
yield mostly cloudy skies/filtered sunshine through the
remainder of the daylight hrs late this aftn/early this evening.
Temperatures have risen into the upper 60s to lower 70s, with
dry low-level air mass in place (2-m dewpoints in the low-mid

Composite reflectivity indicates axis of steady/moderate
rainfall across sern Ontario swd across far wrn NY/wrn PA and
ern OH at 1830Z. There are some leading echoes east of Lake
Ontario into St. Lawrence County NY, which will bring a few
light sprinkles or isold -SHRA across nrn NY late this
afternoon/early this evening. However, bulk of steady
precipitation doesn`t reach nrn NY until after 00Z, with onset
of stronger 850-700mb WAA and isentropic ascent approaching from
the SW. Mesoscale models, including the HRRR/BTV-4km WRF and
NAM-Nest all show rainfall reaching the Champlain Valley by 03Z
or so, and far ern VT by 05-06Z. Anticipate a 5-6hr period of
rainfall, yielding amts generally between 0.33-0.50" thru early
Monday morning. Will also see increasing p-gradient overnight.
This will result in low-level channeling of winds in the
Champlain Valley, with gusts locally up to 30 mph in the BTV
area. A Lake Wind Advisory has been issued for Lake Champlain
beginning at midnight as south winds increase to 15-25kts during
the pre-dawn hrs. Overnight lows will generally be in the mid-
upr 40s tonight.

Best large-scale forcing slides to our east between 12-15Z
Monday, but NAM RH profiles indicate continued saturated
conditions in 950-850mb layer, and skies will generally remain
cloudy with low overcast in place. The low-level inversion
layer in place will keep sfc temps cool, despite 850mb thermal
ridge in place (+10C to +11C) across nrn NY. Sfc high temps
generally low- mid 50s east of the Greens, upr 50s in the
Champlain Valley, and upr 50s to lower 60s across nrn NY.
Maintained a chance of showers Monday afternoon. There is some
indication of a trailing sfc trough/convergence line moving ewd
across nrn NY into VT late in the afternoon, which may result in
an additional period of (brief) rain shower activity.

A weak sfc ridge builds newd into our region from western NY
Monday night. This results in lowering inversion layer and light
near-sfc winds. With moist soils, will see combination of
abundant low clouds and patchy fog areawide. Moist layer is
quite shallow, so not anticipating any precipitation. Lows
Monday night mainly 43-48F.


As of 325 AM EDT Sunday...Broad southwesterly upper level flow
across the region during the short term period with high
pressure giving way to a coastal low on Wednesday. Monday night
lingering chance pops in Vermont will trend downward to nil by
midnight as weak front departs the region. Little airmass change
behind the boundary, and low level winds return to southerly by
mid day Tuesday. Tuesday weak surface high pressure will keep
precipitation at bay, however periodic vort maxes eject out of
base of 500 mb trough to west will traverse the area keeping
scattered to broken sky cover. One shortwave trough moving up in
the southwest flow will spin up a surface low Wednesday morning
along the Delmarva coast and move it northeast to southern New
England coast Wednesday evening. Chance pops across the
region...ECMWF spreads precip shield further west than GFS, and
expect to further refine this part of the forecast in coming
days. Southwesterly flow will also keep seasonable temperature
in place with highs in the 70s and lows in the 40s to lower 50s.


As of 325 AM EDT Sunday...Long term period becomes more active
as the upper trough to the west shifts east, spreading
precipitation into the area. Model differences seen last night
are starting to coalesce into a common solution. Mean upper
level trough over eastern US will move east in two phases. First
is southern low moving out of Gulf states will swing northeast
Thursday, spreading more showers up the east coast. The northern
portion of the trough will hang back over the Great Lakes, then
move east and merge with the southern low remnants over the
gulf of Maine on Friday. The result is a prolonged period of
likely pops for rain Thursday and Friday. With all the pieces in
motion there should be some breaks at some point in there, but
difficult to tease out those details this far out.

For Saturday the low finally kicks out with building high
pressure. Some lingering showers especially in Vermont in the
mountains, but trend will be to salvage at least part of the
Memorial Day weekend.

Plenty of cloud cover and rain cooled air to keep temperatures
a few degrees below normal but still seasonable. Overall flow
through this period is southwesterly as well, and no real
temperature changes.


Through 18z Monday...Mid-level cloud cover (BKN-OVC100-150)
will spread ewd across the TAF locations this afternoon and
early this evening. Will see a gradual lowering of cloud
ceilings through the evening with increasing chances for rain
showers, especially during the overnight hrs. After midnight,
should see development of MVFR ceilings (2-3kft) at SLK/MSS,
along with HIR TRRN OBSCD areawide and vsby 4-5SM at times in
showers and BR. There is a chance of MVFR ceilings at the
remaining TAF locations, but anticipate predominantly 3-4kft
ceiling heights for RUT/BTV/PBG. Should see MVFR developing at
MPV by 14Z/Mon.

Winds generally less than 10kts through 06Z. Thereafter, should
see some gusts from the south approaching 20kts at BTV/PBG as
gradient flow strengthens toward daybreak.


Monday Night: VFR. Chance SHRA.
Tuesday: VFR. NO SIG WX.
Tuesday Night: VFR. NO SIG WX.
Wednesday: VFR. Chance SHRA.
Wednesday Night: VFR. Chance SHRA.
Thursday: VFR/MVFR. Likely SHRA.
Thursday Night: VFR. Likely SHRA.
Friday: MVFR. Likely SHRA.




NEAR TERM...Banacos
LONG TERM...Hanson

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