Current conditions from King Hill
Updated every 5 minutes
  Wednesday December 13, 2017


NWS Area Forecast Discussion

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FXUS61 KBTV 111748

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Burlington VT
1248 PM EST Mon Dec 11 2017

Weak high pressure will bridge across the area today with any
morning light snow showers ending and seasonably cold
temperatures expected. Low pressure will track across the region
on Tuesday and intensify to our northeast on Wednesday bringing
a widespread moderate to locally heavy snowfall to our region.
Behind this system, a cold airmass settles into the region into
Friday before temperatures moderate by next weekend.


As of 1018 AM EST Monday...No significant changes to the
forecast. Latest radar scans show this mornings snow generally
tapering off and so the rest of the day should be fairly dry
setting the stage for this evenings snowfall. Temps this morning
were a few degrees colder as the cold air advection has been
fairly strong especially along the Saint Lawrence valley. Expect
highs in the teens in New York and mid to low 20s in the
Champlain and Connecticut river valleys.

Prior discussion...
The forecast remains largely on track for today as a moderating
polar front drops through the area this morning. Scattered
light snows/snow showers will continue across mainly central and
northern counties in association with the boundary this
morning, though accumulations should be light and generally less
than an inch. Mainly dry weather is expected across the south.
High temperatures will average about 4 to 8 degrees colder than
yesterday across the north under light west to northwesterly
flow - mainly upper teens to mid 20s, though a few low 30s will
be possible far south where the front will arrive later in the


As of 330 AM EST Monday...The most active period in the 7-day
forecast then takes shape later tonight into the
Tuesday/Wednesday time frame as a well-advertised clipper low
takes a favorable track across our area with a moderate to
locally heavy snowfall expected for our area. The low will then
deepen rapidly into Wednesday night as it moves to our north and
east. As discussed last night, the storm will have two phases,
the first occurring Tuesday morning and afternoon as favorable
warm advective processes interact with deeper moisture and
isentropic lift to produce a widespread moderate snowfall as the
low approaches. Southeasterly flow in the lower to mid-levels
should allow precipitation to take on a typical orographic
character with the heaviest totals along the eastern slopes of
the southern Greens where low-end Winter Storm Warnings have
been issued for a general 4- 8 inch snowfall. As a side note
I`ve leaned on the cooler side of guidance in regard to mid-
level warming in these areas and have leaned away from the
milder NAM output anticipating wet-bulb processes should be
enough to cool the column sufficiently to keep p- type all
frozen. Elsewhere, we`re mainly looking at advisory-level totals
ranging from 3-7 inches with the highest amounts along the
eastern slopes of the northern Greens/Dacks and in the St.
Lawrence Valley where where northeasterly channeling may enhance
QPF slightly. Lows tonight should generally range through the
teens with corresponding highs on Tuesday in the upper 20s to
lower 30s.

By Tuesday evening the low will track to our north and east dragging
the northern nose of a distinct dry-slot into central and southern
areas. During this period steadier snows should taper off in
intensity and lessen in overall coverage, especially across the
south where some patchy freezing drizzle may be possible. At this
point it appears there will be a saturated layer above the dry-slot
such that light seeder-feeder processes should keep any light pcpn
still mainly in the form of light snows/flurries.

As we progress into Wednesday phase two of the system affects our
area as deeper moisture wraps back into the region on increasingly
gusty northwest flow. During this period snows should reblossom in
earnest across the northern mountains with some backbuilding into
eastern portions of the northern Champlain Valley as flow trends
blocked over time. While additional accumulations should be light in
most spots, favorable upslope areas of the western slopes and
northern Greens stand to pick up several more inches where longer-
term Winter Storm Warnings will be in effect, both for the front-end
warm advective snows, and the back side upslope phase. Here two-day
totals will likely range in the 6-10 inch range with localized
heavier totals. With the pressure gradient tightening over time
areas of blowing snow will also be possible as northwesterly winds
gust into the 15 to 30 mph range. This will put quite the chill in
the air and with temperatures holding nearly steady from the mid
teens to lower 20s apparent T values will range through the positive
and negative single digits.


As of 330 AM EST Monday...00z guidance didn`t really have too
much in the way of changes for the period. GFS and ECMWF both
similar with colder temperatures hanging on into Saturday as
eastern trough hangs in. Both models do show more of a westerly
flow pattern for Sunday with moderating temperatures as a
Pacific airmass spreads in, pushing the arctic air out. But
there are differences between the two regarding how much warming
there may be. A fairly active pattern, albeit each disturbance
will be fairly weak, so at this point it doesn`t look like any
significant precipitation. Just several chances for light snow
showers, along with a good deal of clouds. A few notes on
specific time periods follow:

Wednesday Night: Fairly steep pressure gradient in the wake of the
low pressure. With cold air advection, we should see gusty northwest
winds linger all night. The airmass moving in will be the coldest
we`ve seen so far this young winter season, with lows expected to be
in the single digits, when adding in winds gusting 20-25 mph that
gives wind chills of -10F to nearly -20F. Should be a few higher
elevation snow showers across northern Vermont prior to midnight.

Thursday to Friday: A cold couple of days. With 925mb temperatures
generally running -10C to -15C during the period, daytime highs are
going to struggle to reach 20F at lower elevations with teens at
higher elevations. May see some breaks in the clouds Thursday night,
and with fresh snow cover and lighter winds, there is a chance for
pockets of good radiational cooling. At this point, stuck with
guidance blend and have lows ranging from -5F to +5F, though could
easily have our normally cold spots in the `Dacks and Northeast
Kingdom go colder than -10F if we can get some clear skies. Guidance
does suggest a weak trough coming in Friday, so have some low PoPs
for a few light snow showers. Friday night will be another cold one,
but not as cold as Thursday night given clouds and a few flurries.

Saturday/Sunday: As mentioned above, guidance points to a transition
to a more westerly flow pattern with moderating temperatures. Still
chilly Saturday with highs in the high teens to low 20s, but by
Sunday 925mb temperatures will be somewhere in the -5C to 0C range
indicating highs near to above freezing in lower elevations. With
the warm air advection aloft, still looking at plenty of clouds with
a spotty flurry.


Through 18Z Tuesday...Widespread ifr to lifr develops at all
sites by early Tuesday Morning...with significant impacts
anticipated to the aviation community. Meanwhile...VFR
conditions at mss/slk/pbg with intervals of mvfr cigs/vis thru
20z at rut/btv and mpv in light snow. Expecting mainly vfr
conditions from 20z- 04z this evening...before widespread snow
developed from southwest to northeast across our taf sites btwn
04z-08z. Vis will quickly drop to ifr with locally vifr in
bursts of heavier snow expected at all sites btwn 09z-15z
Tuesday. Cigs will vary from ifr at mss to mvfr at
rut/mpv/btv/slk/pbg...with periods of ifr possible. Localized
southeast winds gusts to 25 to 30 knots at Rutland on Tuesday
morning with breezy northeast winds at MSS. Vis/cigs will slowly
improve at rutland aft 15z. Some low level wind shear likely at
MSS/MPV with change of speed and direction...causing increased
shear and turbulence on Tuesday Morning.


Monday Night: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Chance SN.
Tuesday: Mainly MVFR, with local IFR possible. Definite SN.
Tuesday Night: Mainly MVFR, with areas IFR possible. Chance SHSN.
Wednesday: Mainly MVFR, with areas VFR possible. Chance SHSN.
Wednesday Night: Mainly VFR, with areas MVFR possible. Slight
chance SHSN.
Thursday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. NO SIG WX.
Thursday Night: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Slight
chance SHSN.
Friday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Chance SHSN.


VT...Winter Weather Advisory from 1 AM Tuesday to 1 AM EST
     Wednesday for VTZ001-002-004-005-007>009-011.
     Winter Storm Warning from 1 AM Tuesday to 1 AM EST Wednesday
     for VTZ010-012-019.
     Winter Storm Warning from 1 AM Tuesday to 7 PM EST Wednesday
     for VTZ003-006-016>018.
NY...Winter Weather Advisory from 1 AM Tuesday to 1 AM EST
     Wednesday for NYZ026>031-034-035-087.



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