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  Thursday June 20, 2024

 

NWS Area Forecast Discussion



554
FXUS61 KBTV 181439
AFDBTV

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Burlington VT
1039 AM EDT Tue Jun 18 2024

.SYNOPSIS...
Dangerous levels of heat begin this afternoon and will persist
into Thursday. Highs will reach well into the 90s each day, and
overnight temperatures will remain muggy and uncomfortable.
Please be sure to take appropriate precautions to avoid heat
stress through the remainder of this week. Isolated to scattered
thunderstorm are expect this afternoon and Wednesday with
potential for strong, gusty winds. Best chances for rain
arrive late Thursday into Friday with a cold frontal passage.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
As of 1022 AM EDT Tuesday...The showers and thunderstorms from
earlier this morning continue to dissipate across the region as
they move towards the Adirondacks. Another feature across
western New York will slowly work its way to the east riding
along the periphery of the ridge, but time will tell how that
system evolves. Temperatures across the region this morning
have warmed into the mid 80s across much of Vermont, with
temperatures a bit cooler across northern New York given
increased cloud cover and ongoing precipitation. Outside of some
minimal adjustments to reflect recent observations, not real
changes were needed to the forecast.

Previous Discussion...Oppressive heat conditions remain on
track to begin today and continue through Thursday. The one
caveat will be for locations that end up getting a thunderstorm
or remain under convective overhang for a decent portion of the
afternoon. Best chances of thunderstorms today will be along the
western shore of Lake Champlain as lake breeze initiates and
pushes westward into prevailing southwesterly flow. Given the
heat, lack of strong cape, and high levels of CAPE/DCAPE, gusty
winds will be a threat. Steering flow aloft will be weak today
favoring more of a pulse variety initiation, then transition to
outflow boundary interactions. This isn`t the strongest trigger
mechanism, but there should be a few thunderstorms given the
high levels of instability and ample CAPE; SPC concurs and has
included northern New York and portions of the Champlain Valley
in a Marginal(5% chance) risk of a severe thunderstorm. Vermont
locations will be spared the early thunderstorm chances, but
prevailing flow and any outflows tracking east could trigger
more storms along the slopes of the greens with maintenance
parameters favoring a continued eastward propagation. Southern
Vermont chances will be lower, generally less than a 20% chance.
A weak trough could be the triggering mechanism for Wednesday
as some models project a weak trough embedded in flow around the
periphery of the ridge. Again, gust winds will be the primary
threat.

Otherwise, heat will build today with AM temperatures starting
higher than previously expected. 90s will be readily achievable
and may continue to warm until convection gets going in earnest.
Champlain Valley locations may benefit the most from convective
overhang clouds for the mid/late afternoon hours. Still, plan on
dangerous heat conditions and have a plan to beat the heat.

&&

.SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/...
As of 332 AM EDT Tuesday...Thursday should be the last of the
significant heat days. Lows in the morning will be incredibly mild
with temperatures remaining in the upper 60s and 70s for most.
During the day, temperatures will again reach the upper 80s and 90s
and the humidity will remain high. Dew points will be in the upper
60s and low 70s. There will also be some afternoon convection, but
the extent is still uncertain. With the warm moist airmass, there
will be plentiful CAPE and it looks to be uncapped, so there will
likely at least be a couple terrain and lake breeze induced storms.
How much more forms depends on if there will be any other sources of
lift. The deterministic Euro and some of the ensembles bring a weak
shortwave through that is just enough to to form more organized
convection, and some bring an MCS through the region from north to
south. The other ensembles keep the storms scattered. The NAM has
stronger forcing and also brings the 1000-500 mb wind shear above 30
KTs, which would indicate the possibility of a higher severe threat.
For now, went chance PoPs for most areas as showers look likely, but
there is the potential for more widespread convection.

&&

.LONG TERM /THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY/...
As of 332 AM EDT Tuesday...A cold front moves through on Friday and
ends the significant heat, though temperatures will remain above
average and some humidity will remain, so it won`t exactly feel
refreshing. The timing of the front is key on Friday. There should
be adequate forcing and wind shear for severe storms, but the
instability will depend on if it comes through earlier or later in
the day. A majority of the Euro and GFS ensembles bring it to the
south in the morning which would significantly reduce the
instability and prevent much of a severe threat. Only around 40
percent even have 500 J/KG of CAPE for southern Vermont and only
about 20 percent have higher than 1000 J/KG. In northern Vermont,
these probabilities are much lower. Overall, the severe threat seems
relatively low and limited to southern Vermont but it bears
watching. Behind the front, drier weather should prevail through
Saturday, before more widespread rainfall is possible Sunday into
Monday as a low pressure moves in from the west. Despite looking
cooler than this week, temperatures look to remain above normal and
the ridge will sit ominously to the south, but far enough away to
not directly impact the weather.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
Through 12Z Wednesday...There is a line of showers and
thunderstorms slowly moving eastward across northern New York.
It will likely hold together and pass over MSS and SLK this
morning. Whether it sticks together into PBG and Vermont is
questionable but there will at least be scattered showers and
thunderstorms around during the afternoon. Scattered storms will
develop across northern New York as well in the afternoon, but
due to their hit or miss nature it cannot be definitively
determined if they will hit any of the airports or not. Besides
being able to produce frequent lightning, the showers and storms
will briefly lower visibilities at any terminal they reach to
MVFR and possibly IFR. The storms should dissipate overnight
before developing again tomorrow morning. Patchy fog will likely
develop across the region tonight and there is a decent chance
it develops at SLK and MSS. Winds are generally light and
southerly during this period. LLWS is not a concern.

Outlook...

Wednesday: VFR. Slight chance SHRA, Slight chance TSRA.
Wednesday Night: VFR. NO SIG WX.
Thursday: VFR. Chance SHRA, Chance TSRA.
Thursday Night: VFR. Chance SHRA, Slight chance TSRA.
Friday: VFR. Chance SHRA, Slight chance TSRA.
Friday Night: VFR. Slight chance SHRA.
Saturday: VFR. Chance SHRA.

&&

.CLIMATE...
Hot temperatures will result in values near records by the
middle of next week. Below are some of the records under threat
of being broken.

Record High Temperatures:

June 18:
KBTV: 97/1994 Forecast 95
KMPV: 93/1994 Forecast 92
KPBG: 94/1994 Forecast 91
KMSS: 97/1994 Forecast 93
KSLK: 94/1907 Forecast 90

June 19:
KBTV: 100/1995 Forecast 95
KMPV: 95/1995 Forecast 93
KPBG: 93/2001 Forecast 92
KMSS: 94/1955 Forecast 92
KSLK: 93/1994 Forecast 89

June 20:
KBTV: 95/2012 Forecast 93
KMPV: 90/2020 Forecast 92
KPBG: 94/1964 Forecast 90
KMSS: 92/2012 Forecast 89
KSLK: 92/1995 Forecast 87


Record High Minimum Temperatures:
June 18:
KBTV: 73/1994 Forecast 74

June 19:
KPBG: 70/1949 Forecast 74

June 20:
KPBG: 70/1953 Forecast 74
KSLK: 68/2012 Forecast 65

&&

.BTV WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
VT...Heat Advisory until 8 PM EDT Thursday for VTZ001>011-016>021.
NY...Heat Advisory until 8 PM EDT Thursday for NYZ026>031-034-035-
     087.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...Boyd
NEAR TERM...Boyd/Kremer
SHORT TERM...Myskowski
LONG TERM...Myskowski
AVIATION...Myskowski
CLIMATE...Team BTV



 
 
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